Transportation is important because it facilitates trade, exchange and travel. Without effective transportation, regions are largely isolated from each other. Effective, affordable transportation also plays a role in letting people move to new areas. Transportation has helped to change lives through facilitating trade, travel and exchange. Trains, ships, vehicles and other forms of transportation have enabled people to connect with others easily and have improved the distribution of goods around the globe. Today, transportation has become a core component in nearly all activities.
Road transport, such as cycles and vehicles, have increased mobility of people and allowed distribution of goods. Automobiles have provided new forms of social opportunities through suburbanization and also have created job opportunities for many people.
A cable car, ropeway or aerial tram can be defined as a type of aerial lift which uses one or two fixed (uniform and stationary) ropes or cables for supporting the transporting vehicles, trolleys, tram, pallets etc. and a third moving rope or cable for proper propulsion. By getting this lift, the grip of an aerial cable car or ropeways is fixed onto the rope or the cable and cannot be decoupled from it during the operating conditions. Cable car is a simple, cost effective and a powerful technology. Relatively easy and quick to set up and construct, operate and disassemble again. It has been the most effective form of transportation of goods and people in the past, it has been also a very important means of transportation across hills and cliffs, such rivers, snow covered areas, mountains and unequal terrains lands etc. The common materials used for construction of cable cars and ropeways earlier was wood/fiber but steel has emerged as a common choice. The advancement of technology has allowed introduction of electric motors and steel cables which provides increased efficiency. The various industry sectors where cable trays are used includes mining, urban transportation, tourism industry and material handling industries.
Cable cars and ropeways industries have emerged as preferred choice in tourism and winter regions. But the transformation to the urban public transport has not yielded the same rewards. It is definitely true that the cable cars and ropeway market has witnessed increase in sales to the urban industries but there is still a debate that cable cars and ropeways are underutilized in urban transportation industry due to performance and cost constraints and the relatively unending demands and solutions for transportation sectors worldwide. In tourism and winter regions the cable cars and ropeways have served well and are the only desirable options that can be used. But the cable cars and ropeway market has remained insignificant when urban transportation industry is considered. This is particularly due to various obstacles such as small market size, new technologies, public sectors, various customer expectations and many more. Another factor restraining the growth of the market is the strict safety norms and regulations, as cable cars and ropeways operate under critical conditions and hence the designing and manufacturing of such transport vehicles are done under strict supervision of safety officers to avoid mishaps. Moreover, the cable car and ropeway market is expected to witness moderate growth in demand owing to steady growth of material handling industry across the globe.
Construction of ropeways is an appropriate technology for transporting goods to areas where road construction is not feasible or is environmentally undesirable. Ropeway can be built at a reasonable cost. So, Nepaslhas also experience in this context since long way. The use of material ropeway at various places of Nepal has shown that they are a cost-effective method of transporting materials. Besides this, the cable car and rope way has been installed not only for transportation purpose, but also for attraction of tourist and income generation. Example of such venture proves the gigantic realization by many project in the country and abroad.
Moreover, Cable cars are becoming a popular mode of transport for promoting tourism especially in natural, cultural and religious sites. At present, two cable car services are under construction in the Gandakiprovince – Bandipur of Tanahu and Sarangkot of Kaski. Three more cable car projects – Panchase, Birethanti to Muktinath and Chhorepatan to World Peace Stupa – are in study phase.
In above backdrop, Bandipur Cable Car Pvt Ltdare constructing cable car service in Bandipur, Tanahu, which can be considred feasible project citing the desired tourist destination that Bandipur has become. After restoring peace and instilling democracy in the country, the tourism industry has been growing satisfactorily over the years. Almost 7.73 lacs foreign tourists visited Nepal in 2018, which is around 20% growth in compared to 2017. Data show that tourism industry contributes 3.5 per cent to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Further, the government and other parties involved tourism sector have been promoting Nepal as a tourism destination in South Asia. In other hand, Nepal’s economy is flourishing with remittance which covers around 17% of GDP. Around 30% of Nepalese population is getting remittance, which has helped to change people’s life on daily basis and reducing poverty to larger scale.
By operating cable car in Bandipur, the area will be more easily accessible for tourists (Locals and Foreigners) to explore the new experiences and cultures of our society and disseminate them globally.
Its medium elevation, excellent view of the Himalayas (Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, Manaslu, Ganesh, Langtang) the Marsyangdi Valley, Mount Manakamana and Gorkha . The various Newari and Magar festivals can be of interest to tourists too. Sorathi and Chutka dances are very popular.Other attractions include the Bindyabashini temple and the library in the village centre,Thani Mai, Tindhara (“Three Taps” washing place at the southeastern outskirts), Raniban (Queen’s Forest), the downhill trek to the Siddha Cave and a hike to Ramkot village. On Mukundeswari, the elevation at the western end of the saddle is a little shrine and one has a view of Bandipur itself. In line with these attractions, the company, BCPL, is estimating that around Five Lacs tourists (Locals and Foreigners) will be visiting Bandipur annually. In this context, installation of cable car at Bandipur has good prospect.
Ropeways for tourists are not just a means to get from one place to another, but a gentle ride to the top of the mountains in a comfortable cabin or open chairs is a joyful ride. A ropeway carrier glides as slowly and gently, but without the ear-splitting noise, can still be exciting. Rising smoothy, the ride would offer a breathtaking experience and a panoramic view up the Himalayan Mountains. It is a popular place among foreign tourists and local travellers en route to Pokhara. Cable car will open up the opportunity with potential for establishing hotels, package tour, site seeing and other adventurous sports. The Himalayas and the country’s cultural mosaic provide the basis for the greater promotion of Nepal as a tourist destination. Installing cable car system could increase accessibility and thereby boost tourism and associated opportunities, thereby earning higher foreign currencies.